All animals need water, food and shelter. The exclusion includes the use of barriers, such as nets, cylinders and fences, to prevent wildlife from accessing areas and causing damage. Exclusion includes the use of barriers to prevent wildlife from accessing areas and causing damage. Exclusion can provide immediate, long-term and high levels of protection.
Exclusion can sometimes be a cheap and easy solution. It can also be very costly, even prohibitive when large areas need protection. Familiarize yourself with exclusion, as many of these techniques will provide customers with cost-effective ways to prevent conflict with wildlife on a permanent basis. Some experts consider exclusion to be part of habitat modification, but we treat it separately because there are many specific tools and techniques available for exclusion.
Module 6 deals with the topic of exclusion. Human traps are placed and monitored in an efficient and timely manner. Captured animals are removed from the property and relocated. This involves digging a trench around the base of a structure and covering it with materials that prevent animals from re-entering.
Catchpole, or “box post” (similar to snake clamps, cat claw). This is one of the most versatile tools used to capture and restrain animals. Basically, a cane is a long stick with a rope (wired loop) at one end. For most species, place the loop over the animal's head and then tighten the cable to secure it.
Bobcats and domestic cats can accidentally suffocate if the loop is only placed around their necks, it is best to place the loop over the cat's head and over a front leg. Minimize the amount of time an animal spends in this restraint. Nuisance wildlife management is the selective elimination of problematic individuals or populations of specific species of wildlife. Other terms for the field include wildlife damage management, wildlife control and.
Some species of wild animals can become accustomed to human presence, causing damage to property or jeopardizing the transmission of diseases (zoonoses) to humans or pets. Many species of wildlife coexist with humans very successfully, such as commensal rodents that have become more or less dependent on humans. These chemicals include rodenticides (Figure 8, to control rodents), avicides (to control birds), and scaring agents. This section is an overview of common damage management methods available to wildlife control technicians.
Taking into account the behavior of these pests can help take advantage of your attempts to control them and protect your crops from potential damage. Always choose trap designs and methods that minimize the risk of catching wild animals or unintentional pets. After correctly identifying the wildlife pest, you can choose the appropriate control methods for the animal species involved. Adjust tray tension by tightening or loosening the tray tension screw (adjustment), which controls the amount of pressure needed to pop the trap.
Federal and state agencies can also distribute materials on control methods, as well as maintain lists of professionals who will perform annoying wildlife work for a fee. Local retail outlets, such as farm and garden supply stores, hardware stores, and nurseries, often stock pest control supplies. Using a good squirrel-resistant bird feeder and collecting spilled seeds, as well as trimming branches near the bird feeder, will help control squirrel problems. Some of the lethal techniques we will describe can also be used as methods of disposal, such as lethal capture, shooting, and the use of barbiturates or pesticides.
Depending on the size of the area to be protected, this control method can range from economical to costly. For example, using poisonous traps and baits incorrectly or in the wrong situation can teach the animal that the control method is harmful. If you base control methods on the habits and biology of the animals that cause harm, your efforts will be more effective and serve to maximize the safety of the environment, humans and other animals. This manual will not elaborate on the methods used to reduce local wildlife populations, but you can learn more about them from some of the resources listed in Appendix E.
Storing seeds and pet food in hermetically sealed containers, controlling weeds and garden debris around houses and buildings, and storing firewood and construction supplies on shelves or pallets above ground level are also practices that can limit or eliminate sources of food, water or shelter for animals. . .