Human objectives in wildlife management include conservation, preservation, consumption and non-consumptive objectives. Wildlife management is the management process that influences the interactions between wildlife, its habitats and people to achieve predefined impacts. Try to balance the needs of wildlife with the needs of people using the best available science. Wildlife management can include wildlife conservation, animal husbandry Wildlife management relies on disciplines such as mathematics, chemistry, biology, ecology, climatology, and geography for best results.
Together, these four agencies manage 90% of all federal land. The BLM, FWS and USFS are tasked with managing wildlife and habitat on the lands they manage, while the NPS is tasked with conserving land and wildlife. Wildlife conservation involves ensuring that threatened and endangered species receive special management to protect their presence in the future. One of the easiest and most effective ways to help wildlife is to preserve the environment in which animals live.
Wildlife management grew after world war ii with the help of the GI Bill and the post-war recreational hunting boom. Most of this agency's authority comes from the Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956, which requires the agency to protect, conserve and improve the country's fish and wildlife resources. Money collected from federal excise taxes on certain hunting and fishing equipment under the Pittman-Robertson Act (also called the Federal Wildlife Restoration Aid Act) goes to states for wildlife restoration and the objectives should be as specific as possible and include the wildlife species to be managed, as well as the expected outcome. Since the tumultuous 1970s, when animal rights activists and environmentalists began to question some aspects of wildlife management, the profession has been overshadowed by the rise of conservation biology.
We can define wildlife conservation as any effort made to protect any species of wildlife (including plants and animals) along with their habitats. However, if improving land for wildlife is a secondary objective, then some concessions may need to be made in wildlife habitat improvements to adapt to other land uses. It is this cryptic decline in the background that is creating a real and immediate wildlife crisis in the United States, and this degradation must be addressed in a 21st century model for wildlife conservation. In 1937, the United States passed the Federal Wildlife Restoration Aid Act (also known as the Pittman-Robertson Act).
The goal of wildlife conservation is to ensure the survival of these species and to educate people on how to live sustainably with other species. In the first two decades of the 20th century, athletes in the United States and Canada developed a set of guiding principles for managing wildlife resources. Whatever the approach, it is important that management plans are useful and flexible documents that guide forest and farm owners toward improving their land for wildlife. In wildlife management, one of the principles of conservation is that the weapon used to hunt must be the one that causes the least damage to the animal and is effective enough to hit the target.